information [FN#545] Cutting off the right hand is the Koranic punishment (chaps. v.) for one who robs an article worth four dinars, about forty francs to shillings. The left foot is to be cut off at the ankle for a second offence and so on; but death is reserved for a hardened criminal. The practice is now obsolete and theft is punished by the bastinado, fine or imprisonment. The old Guebres were as severe. For stealing one dirham’s worth they took a fine of two, cut off the earlobes, gave ten stick-blows and dismissed the criminal who had been subjected to an hour’s imprisonment. A second theft caused the penalties to be doubled; and after that the right hand was cut off or death was inflicted according to the proportion stolen. [FN#546] Koran viii. 17. [FN#547] A universal custom in the East, the object being originally to show that the draught was not poisoned. [FN#548] Out of paste or pudding. [FN#549] Boils and pimples are supposed to be caused by broken hair-roots and in Hindostani are called B�l-tor. [FN#550] He intended to bury it decently, a respect which Moslems always show even to the exuvi� of the body, as hair and nail parings. Amongst Guebres the latter were collected and carried to some mountain. The practice was intensified by fear of demons or wizards getting possession of the spoils.